Latin Patriarchates were all artifacts of the Crusades. Thus, their foundation follows the progress of the Crusaders. First we get Antioch (1098) and then Jersualem (1099) as the cities are taken during the First Crusade. Next, when the Fourth Crusade takes Constantinople (1204), we get a Latin Patriarch of Constantinople.
|Latin Patriarchs of Antioch|
|Peter I of Narbonne||1098-1100|
|Bernard of Valence||1100-1135|
|Ralph I of Domfront||1135-1139|
|Aimery of Limoges||1139-1193|
|Peter II of Angouleme||1196-1208|
|Peter III of Locedio||1209-1217|
|Opizo Fieschi||1247-1292, titular from 1268|
|Giovanni Battista Pamphili||1626-1629|
|Pope Innocent X,|
|Charles Thomas Maillard de Tournon||1701-1710|
|Giberto Bartolomeo Borromeo||1711-1735|
|Joaquín Fernández Portocarrero||1735-1760?|
|Antonio Despuig y Dameto||1799-1813|
|Lorenzo Girolamo Mattei||1822-1833|
|Albert Barbolani di Montauto||1856-1857|
|Iosephus Melchiades Ferlisi||1858-1860|
|Latin Patriarch of Constantinople, 1860-1865|
|Petrus De Villanova||1879-1881|
|Francesco di Paola Cassetta||1895-1899|
|Carlo Nocella||1899-1901, d.1903|
|Latin Patriarch of Constantinople, 1901-1903|
|Ladislao Michele Zaleski||1916-1925|
|Vacant, 1953-1964; abolished, 1964|
With the Latin Patriarch of Alexandria, we get something a little different from Antioch, Jerusalem, and Constantinople. Egypt was never occupied by Crusaders. However, the Fifth Crusade (1217-1221) involved an invasion of Egypt and the temporary occupation of the city of Damietta. It was during this episode that the Latin Patriarchate of Alexandria apparently was founded (c.1219), although the Crusaders did not come very near Alexandria itself. The uncertainties of the date and holders of the Alexandrian office may be artifacts of the circumstance that the Patriarchate was part of no larger political system, i.e. no Crusader State, with its own chronicles or historians. Also, it looks rather like no Latin Patriarch of Alexandria ever actually resided in Alexandria. Eventually there would be an Apostalic Vicar representing the Patriarch there, but I do not know when that began. The Cathedral Church of St. Catherine, the seat for the Patriarchate, was built on land granted only in 1832.
|Latin Patriarchs of Alexandria|
|Patriarch of Grado|
|Humbert II||Dauphin, 1333-1349, d.1355|
|Juan III||Infante of Aragon; Archbishop of Toledo|
|Simon of Cramaud||1391-1422?|
|Archbishop of Milan, 1595-1631|
|Latin Patriarch of Jerusalem, 1830-1847|
|Paolo Angelo Ballerini||1867-1897|
|Archbishop of Milan, 1859-1867|
|Paolo de Huyn||1921-1946|
|Luca Ermenegildo Pasetto||1950-1954|
|Vacant, 1954-1964; abolished, 1964|
Non-residence ended up being characteristic of all Latin Patriarchates. The Fall of Jersualem in 1187 meant that the Patriarch moved to Acre, then Cyprus (1291), and finally Rome (1374). The fall of Antioch to the Mamlûks in 1268 meant the end of a resident Patriarch; and the return of Constantinople to the Greeks, in 1261, required the Latin Patriarch to flee. All of these Patriarchates then continued in titular form in Italy. In 1847, however, a Latin Patriarch did return to Jerusalem, and the office has continued there ever since. The other three Patriarchates were finally abolished in 1964/65, as Pope Paul VI had met with the Ecumenical Patriarch Athenagoras of Constantinople. Ecumenicism thus removed most of these ecclesiastical relics of the Crusades. Actually, they had already been allowed to lapse, with Antioch vacant since 1953, Alexandria since 1954, and Constantinople since 1948. However, these concessions may mean less than they seem. For Antioch, Alexandria, and Constantinople there are Catholic "Uniate" or counter-Churches that adhere to Roman doctrine and authority and were sometimes specifically created (like the Coptic Catholic Church, 1741) to duplicate the local "schismatic" Churches in appearance and liturgy.
These lists are from Wikipedia. With the "unknown" entries, I do not know if these are really unknown, or if the writers at Wikipedia have simply not caught up with the right sources.
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